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Bathroom Vanity made from Particleboard


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particleboard closeup

Particleboard Panels for Decorative Surfacing

Particleboard is a composite panel product consisting of cellulosic particles of various sizes that are bonded together with a synthetic resin or binder under heat and pressure. Particle geometry, resin levels, board density and manufacturing processes may be modified to produce products suitable for specific end uses. At the time of manufacture, additives can be incorporated to impart specific performance enhancements including greater dimensional stability, increased fire retardancy and moisture resistance.

Today’s particleboard gives industrial users the consistent quality and design flexibility needed for fast, efficient production lines and quality consumer products. Particleboard panels are manufactured in a variety of dimensions and with a wide range of physical properties that provides maximum design flexibility for specifiers and end users.

Common Uses for Particleboard

  • Countertops
  • Door Core
  • Flooring Underlayment
  • Kitchen Cabinets
  • Manufactured Home Decking
  • Office and Residential Furniture
  • Shelving
  • Stair Treads
  • Store Fixtures
particleboard furniture

Features & Benefits of Particleboard

  • Particleboard has excellent machining characteristics, which is important when post-forming high pressure laminate countertops. particleboard is used extensively in residential kitchens, playing a role in cabinets, shelving, countertops and floor underlayment.
  • Because particleboard is a type of unfinished composite panel made from residual wood fiber, such as chips and shavings, it is carefully value engineered for each application. This results in product solutions which are substantially less expensive than alternatives.

Product Standards, Regulations and Certification

The American National Standard for Particleboard (ANSI A208.1) is the North American industry voluntary standard that classifies particleboard by physical, mechanical and dimensional characteristics as well as formaldehyde levels. The consensus-based Standard was developed through the sponsorship of the Composite Panel Association (CPA) in conjunction with producers, users and general interest groups. Copies of the Standard are available from CPA.

Third-party certification to ANSI Standards is required for many applications of composite panels. For example, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) requires the physical properties of manufactured home decking to be third-party certified. In addition, many building code jurisdictions require the physical properties of particleboard underlayment and stair treads to be third-party certified..

Regulations by the California Air Resources Board (CARB) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) establish formaldehyde emissions limits of 0.09 ppm for particleboard. Panel emissions are measured using an ASTM test procedure conducted by an accredited laboratory, and the results are reviewed and certified by a third-party certification body. While EPA TSCA Title VI is the most stringent emissions standard in the world, many particleboard manufacturers have voluntarily developed no-added formaldehyde (NAF) and ultra-low emitting formaldehyde (ULEF) products. A list of companies currently producing NAF/ULEF products is available here

CPA’s laboratory and certification services have been recognized by both CARB and EPA. For more information on our state-of-the-art testing and certification programs click here. In addition, CPA’s Eco-Certified Composite (ECC) is a voluntary industry standard that establishes key environmental criteria for composite panels. To earn the ECC label, a manufacturer must meet CARB and EPA formaldehyde emissions requirements for 100% of their panels 100% of the time, even if panels are manufactured in countries where these regulations do not apply. The standard also specifies carbon footprint, life-cycle inventory, and other verifiable environmental practices and emphasizes the responsible use of wood fiber. For more information on the ECC program click here.

Finally, various overlays and surface treatments have been shown to significantly reduce product emissions. For additional information about emissions, see the CPA Technical Bulletin “VOC Emission Barrier Effects.”

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