EPA Regulation: TSCA Title VI

On May 22, 2017, the EPA regulations implementing the Formaldehyde Standards for Composite Wood Products Act (TSCA Title VI) entered into effect, establishing in the U.S. the world’s most stringent formaldehyde emissions standards for composite wood products. 








The regulation is patterned off of the California Air Resources Board (CARB) 2008 formaldehyde emissions standards, including:

- Product scope: 

  • Particleboard
  • Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF)
  • Hardwood Plywood
  • All products made with the above materials, including for example, furniture, kitchen cabinets and laminate flooring

- Low emission limits:

  • Particleboard (0.09 ppm)
  • MDF (0.11 ppm)
  • Thin MDF (0.13 ppm)
  • Hardwood Plywood (0.05 ppm)

- Rigorous testing and third-party certification system to ensure compliance

- Reduced testing and/or exemptions from testing and certification for no-added formaldehyde (NAF) and ultra-low-emitting formaldehyde (ULEF) products

- Similar labeling, reporting and recordkeeping requirements

There are also several provisions unique to the EPA regulation, including most notably:

- Laminated Products:  Some fabricators that make component parts using a wood or woody grass veneer (such as bamboo) attached to a composite wood core may also meet the definition for “laminated product” producers, which triggers a number of additional requirements. 

- Limited de Minimis Exemption:  An exemption for finished goods or component parts sold directly to end users if the composite wood content does not exceed 144 square inches on its largest face. 

- Sell-Through Provision: The regulation also provides for a broad sell-through provision.

These rules apply to both imported and domestic composite wood panels and finished products. 


As of September 1, 2017, the regulation's implementation dates are as follows:  

December 12, 2018:

- The first major implementation date for the TSCA Title VI regulation, at which point all composite wood panel producers will have to meet the regulation’s emissions testing, certification, labeling and record-keeping requirements. 

- Fabricators will also be required to source only TSCA Title VI-compliant composite wood and meet labeling and record-keeping requirements. 

- Importers must comply with emission and record-keeping requirements.  

- Distributors and retailers must meet record-keeping and label retainment requirements. 

- Laminated products made with urea-formaldehyde based resins must source only compliant wood core panels and comply with record-keeping requirements.

- Laminated products made with NAF or phenol formaldehyde resins must ource only compliant wood core panels and comply with record-keeping requirements.

March 22, 2019

- Import certification required under TSCA Section 13.

March 22, 2024:

- Laminated products made with urea-formaldehyde based resins must meet the requirements for hardwood plywood. 

- Laminated products made with NAF or phenol formaldehyde resins must keep records demonstrating the use of these resins.

See the EPA Rule At-a-Glance document below for a full list of dates and requirements.


As a commitment to good stewardship, North American manufacturers of particleboard and MDF have since 2008 voluntarily agreed to meet California’s formaldehyde emissions standard for all production, which as noted above, are the same as those in the TSCA Title VI regulation.  This has required major investments in technology upgrades, quality assurance programs and third-party verification systems.  The North American composite wood industry now carries forward this commitment to good stewardship in fully supporting EPA’s efforts to put in place a strong enforcement program to ensure all composite wood products, no matter whether made in the U.S. or abroad, meet this new stringent emissions standard.  View a complete list of CPA Manufacturers and their products in the Surface & Panel Buyers Guide


Resource Guide:  What the EPA Formaldehyde Rule Means to You (Updated 10/24/17)

At-a-Glance:  EPA Rule At-a-Glance (Updated 10/24/17)

Formaldehyde Standards for Composite Wood Products Act (TSCA Title VI)

EPA TSCA Title VI Regulation

EPA TSCA Title VI Resources

CARB Composite Wood Products ATCM

CARB Resources



November 8

CPA Submits Comments Supporting TSCA Title VI Correlations Fix

November 1

Enviromental NGOS Sue EPA for Exxtending TSCA Title VI Compliance Dates

October 25

CPA Updates EPA TSCA Title VI Compliance Guides

September 28

EPA TSCA Title VI Compliance Date Extensions Published in Federal Register

September 8

EPA Issues Draft Proposed Rule to Fix Coorelation Issue and Update Standards

July 26

CPA Comments Support TSCA Title VI Labeling Fix

July 10

EPA To Publish Labeling Amendment Tuesday

June 21

EPA To Withdraw Proposed Extension of TSCA Title VI Compliance Date

June 7

EPA Recognizes CPA as a Third-Party Certifier (TPC)

EPA Issues New Non-Complying Lots Guidance for TSCA Title VI


December 19     

How Donald Trump's EPA Can Reinvigorate U.S. Manufacturing
- Real Clear Markets, article by Jackson Morrill, CPA President

December 15

Floor Trends Magazine

December 14

Chem Info

Furniture Today

December 12

Chemical & Engineering News

EPA Final Formaldehyde Rule Published

Home Furnishings News (HFN)

Surface & Panel Online News

Woodworking Network

December 9

Inside EPA (Subscription Only)

December 7


December 4

Furniture World

November 27

Surface & Panel 4th Quarter Edition (pages 6-7)

November 23

BNA – Bloomberg


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